Zhongshan Experimental School
Special Educational Needs (SEN) Policy
Zhongshan Academy provides a broad and balanced curriculum for all children that meets the specific needs of individuals and groups of children. When planning, teachers set suitable learning challenges and respond to children’s diverse learning needs. Some children have barriers to learning that mean they have special or additional needs and require particular action by the school, which may include additional support.
Children may have special educational needs either throughout or at any time during their school career. This policy ensures that curriculum planning and assessment for children with special educational needs takes account of the type and extent of the difficulty experienced by the child.
The school SEN policy identifies the fact that some pupils with disabilities may have learning difficulties that call for special educational provision. However, not all children defined as disabled will require this provision. A child with asthma or diabetes, for example, may not have special educational needs, but may still have rights under the SEN policy. We will assess each child as required, and make the appropriate provision, based on their identified needs.
The aims of this policy are:
to create an environment that meets the special educational needs of each child;
to ensure that the special educational needs of children are identified, assessed and provided for;
to make clear the expectations of all partners in the process;
to identify the roles and responsibilities of staff in providing for children’s special educational needs;
to enable where possible all children to have full access to the school curriculum;
to ensure that parents are able to play their part in supporting their child’s education;
to ensure that our children have a voice in this process.
In Zhongshan Academy we aim to offer excellence and choice to all our children, whatever their ability or needs. We have high expectations of all our children. We aim to achieve this through the removal of barriers to learning and participation. We want all our children to feel that they are a valued part of our school community. Through appropriate curricular provision, we respect the fact that children:
have different educational and behavioural needs and aspirations;
require different strategies for learning;
acquire, assimilate and communicate information at different rates;
need a range of different teaching approaches and experiences.
Teachers respond to children’s needs by:
providing support for children who need help with communication, language and literacy;
provide support for children who need help with numeracy skills;
planning to develop children’s understanding through the use of all their senses and of varied experiences;
planning for children’s full participation in learning, and in physical and practical activities;
helping children to manage their behaviour and to take part in learning effectively and safely;
helping individuals to manage their emotions, particularly trauma or stress, and to take part in learning.
Special Educational Needs
Children have a learning difficulty if:
they have significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of children of the same age;
they have a disability which prevents or hinders them from making use of the educational facilities that are provided for other children of the same age.
If our assessments or observations show that a child may have a learning difficulty, we use a range of strategies that make full use of all available classroom and school resources. The child’s class teacher will offer interventions that are different from or additional to those provided as part of the school’s usual working practices. The class teacher will keep parents informed and draw upon them for additional information.
The Role of the Governing Body
The Governing Body has due regard to the Code of Practice when carrying out its duties toward all pupils with special educational needs.
The Governing Body has identified a governor to have specific oversight of the school’s provision for pupils with special educational needs. The 'responsible person' in this school is the Principal. The Principal ensures that all those who teach a pupil with Special Educational Needs are aware of the nature of the statement.
The Principal ensures that all teachers are aware of the school’s SEN provision, including the deployment of funding, equipment and personnel.
Allocation of resources
The Principal informs the Governing Body of how the funding to support special educational needs has been allocated.
Early identification is vital. The class teacher informs the parents at the earliest opportunity to alert them to concerns and enlist their active help and participation.
The class teacher and the Head teacher assess and monitor the children’s progress in line with existing school practices. This is an ongoing process.
The Head teacher works closely with parents and teachers to plan an appropriate programme of support.
The assessment of children reflects as far as possible their participation in the whole curriculum of the school. The class teacher can break down the assessment into smaller steps in order to aid progress and provide detailed and accurate indicators.
Access to the curriculum
All children have an entitlement to a broad and balanced curriculum, which is differentiated to enable them to:
understand the relevance and purpose of learning activities;
experience levels of understanding and rates of progress that bring feelings of success and achievement.
Teachers use a range of strategies to meet children’s special educational needs. Lessons have clear learning objectives; we differentiate work appropriately, and we use assessment to inform the next stage of learning.
Individual Education Plans employ the use of SMART Targets (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Timed) to ensure that each and every child achieves and makes progress. By breaking down the existing levels of attainment into finely graded steps and targets, we ensure that children experience success.
We support children in a manner that acknowledges their entitlement to share the same learning experiences that their peers enjoy. Wherever possible, we do not withdraw children from the classroom. There are times, though, when to maximise learning, we ask the children to work in small groups, or in a one-to-one situation outside the classroom with adult support.
Partnership with parents
The school works closely with parents in the support of those children with special educational needs. We encourage an active partnership through an ongoing dialogue with parents. The home- school agreement is central to this. Parents have much to contribute to our support for children with special educational needs.
We have regular meetings each term to share the progress of special needs children with their parents. We inform the parents of any outside intervention, and we share the process of decision- making by providing clear information relating to the education of children with special educational needs.
In our school we encourage children to take responsibility and to make decisions. This is part of the culture of our school and relates to children of all ages. The work in the Foundation Phase recognises the importance of children developing social as well as educational skills.
Monitoring and review
The Head teacher monitors the movement of children within the SEN system in school. The Principal provides staff and governors with regular summaries of the impact of the policy on the practice of the school.
Chair of Governors: